Many of the people in our society are suffering from discoloured and white patches on the skin. Also known as Leucoderma, It affects nearly 1% of the world population and is a chronic disorder of the skin. Early signs are discoloured/white patches on the sun-exposed body areas, such as feet, arms, lips, hands and face. Sometimes the hair also turn gray in the affected area growing and it can even be noticed inside the mouth as well. It does not cause any sorts of pain, redness or itching after the white spot develops.
It may occur between the ages of 10 to 30 years and mostly it is found in the people with darker skin. These white patches have nothing to do with gender, race or age and can happen irrespective of the mentioned conditions. Diet is also not the cause as most people find it to be, but if not taken care off then it gets triggered by diseases like pernicious anemia and alopecia areata which are auto immune in nature in which the patient’s immune system becomes overactive, and destroys the melanocytes. It can also be caused by Genetic oxidative stress imbalance, any stressful event, harm to the skin due to a critical sunburn or cut, Exposure to certain chemicals or a neural cause.
In stabilizing vitiligo patches, surgery is the most efficient way and the most trusted in all ways.
If there is a no response to medical treatment, then this method of surgery is a better and quicker option to have.
Few of the methods are given as under:
- Micro Pigmentation
It is a kind of tattooing by which pigments are implanted into the skin with a special surgical instrument. This procedure works best for the lip area and best works with people having dark skin.
- Skin Grafts using blisters
This procedure involves the Plastic Surgeon creates blisters on the patient’s pigmented skin by using heat, suction, or freezing cold.
- Autologous skin graft
This method involves harvesting skin grafts from pigmented skin (donor sites) of a normal area and then placed on the surface of depigmented areas which has vitiligo patch (recipient sites).
- Autologous melanocyte transplant
This involves in taking normal pigmented skin and thereby sending it to a lab for culture to grow melanocytes which is helpful to transplant over the affected skin.